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ARINC 429 BNR Fields

ARINC 429 defines the physical layer (shielded, twisted pair, differential, return to zero), the basic data unit (word), and a file transfer protocol. A 32-bit word encodes aircraft data as:

There are also wild combinations of those three and legacy encodings for generations of legacy equipment. This soapbox will discuss how to describe BNR encoding in a way that aligns with the ARINC 429 specification.

Action Planning Part 2: Rewrite It In Rust

Back in Action Planning in Python, we wrote a simple A* based planner that could solve the problem of boiling water, given a scenario with initial conditions, actions the AI agent can take, and preconditions for those actions. The result was:

pick up pot
move to sink
turn on faucet
turn off faucet
move to stove
put down pot
turn on stove

In Part 2, we're going to rewrite it in Rust.

Embedded Cross-Compiled Test Driven Development with CGull

Testing bare-metal embedded C isn't straightforward. Someone will shout "stop using printf," and you'll yell back, "what's a printf?" They'll follow up with something about emulators. They're not wrong, but how do you efficiently regression test on the emulation target? Sure, you'll eventually have Requirements Based Tests (RBT) and "black box test procedures," but they are hardware-in-the-loop and tedious to run. A full RBT suite can take weeks to execute with a combination of manual and scripted tests. The pathway to happiness isn't simply a fast "edit-compile-run" development loop, but a "edit-compile-run-It Works and Didn't Break Something Else" cycle. Enter cross-compiled TDD.

Action Planning in Python

Automated planning is a field of AI techniques for determining how to transform the world from an initial state to a goal state. This guide implements a form of classical planning in which we represent the problem domain as a set of state variables that are modified by each action taken.

Jumper T8SG V2.0 Plus Review

The Jumper T8SG V2.0 Plus is a multi-protocol remotes with Hall-effect gimbals commonly available near the $100 (USD) price point. It supports the Bayang protocol without any additional modules, which is perfect for the E011C I’ve been flying. At this price, it is a very interesting option for those just getting into flying but tired of toy remotes.

Budget Indoor Quadcopters

Remote control quadcopters have been around for years, as has been "First-Person View" flying. If you're new to the hobby, plowing an expensive FPV racing drone into a house might not seem too appealing. There are also some considerations imposed by the FAA. However, there are indoor miniature quadcopters now, and here's how to put one together on-the-cheap. You can go from zero to FPV for about $70, including the drone, remote control, and goggles.

3D Printer Retraction Calibration

I bought an AliExpress Kossel Mini kit that is usually listed as an "FLSUN." It's been a great learning experience. The latest challenge has been tuning the retraction settings to minimize the amount of stringy material carried by the nozzle as it moves between positions. Note that this printer uses a Bowden extruder. The values that worked for me should not be used for a direct feed extruder.